1. Evolution of the System

 

After the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) of Executive Yuan amended the Waste Disposal Act in November 1988, the resource recycling system in Taiwan had transformed itself from a free market in the 1970s to a market with a vendor independent mechanism established under commands and controls. And then, in 1989, the “Cherishing Project” that promoted reduction, recycling and reuse was implemented. As the Waste Disposal Act was amended in March 1997, eight private managed and public owned recycling fund management committees were successively established in the same year; together with the “Nationwide Public Participate Feedback Four-in-One Resource Recycling Program” (hereinafter referred to as “4-in-1 recycling program”) launched in 1997 that combined community public , recycling enterprises, local governments and recycling fund. People in Taiwan were all encouraged to participate in resource recycling and waste reduction activities. In July 1998, the goverment managed and owned “Resource Recycling Fund Management Board of Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan” was officially established, which now coordinates and manages the national recycling work in a systematic, open, equitable and righteous way.

 

An Analysis Table of Measures in the Vendor Independent, Private Managed and Government Owned, and Government Managed and Government Owned Periods

 

Periods

The Vendor Independent Period
Nov. 1988 to Jul. 1997

The Private Managed and Government Owned Period
Jul. 1997 to Jun. 1998

The Government Managed and Government Owned Period
Jul. 1998 to present

Control Methods

1.  AAnnounced regulated recyclable waste and the scope of enterprises’ responsibility.

2.  Published regulations governing the recycling, clearance and disposal of regulated recyclable waste.

3.     Stipulated collection rates that enterprises must achieve every year.

Enterprises designated in public announcement shall, before paying periodic sales tax, submit a recycling, clearance and disposal fees, a rate decided by the central authority, as the Recycling Fund.

Enterprises designated in public announcement shall, before paying periodic sales tax, submit the recycling, clearance and disposal fees, a rate decided by the central authority, as the Recycling Fund.

Operation and Management Organization

Manufacturers and importers shall establish or co-establish recycling organizations and propose recycling, clearance and disposal projects to implement the recycling work.

EPA established 8 recycling fund management committees formed by private enterprises.

EPA established the official Resource Recycling Fund Management Board.

Audit and Certification

Recycling organizations were responsible for the audit, whereas EPA was responsible for the supervising work.

EPA authorized a third party to process the audit and certification work.

Rate Setting

Stipulated by recycling organizations individually

Stipulated by the Environmental Protection Administration Fee Rate Review Committee based on the resource recycling cost, audit costs, recycling and reuse value etc.