Recycling Achievements

7.1 Overview


To motivate counties and cities to implement relevant policies and achieve targets with the utmost of effort, the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) adjusts the annual resource collection target rate in different places after reviewing local policy outcomes and changes with time.


The calculation methods for national resource recycling amounts and collection rates are as follow:


National Resource Recycling Volume = Inspected and Certified Volume (Waste Iron Containers, Waste Aluminum Containers, Waste Glass Containers, Waste Aluminum Foil Packages, Waste Paper Containers, Waste Containers for Pesticide and Special Environmental Agents, Waste Plastic Containers, Waste Dry Batteries, Waste Lead-Acid Batteries, Waste Tires, Waste Lubricants, Waste Automobiles, Waste Motorcycles, Waste Electronic and Electric Appliances, Waste IT Equipments, Waste Light Bulbs) + Recycling Volume of Recyclable Articles Excluded from the EPA List (Waste Disks, Waste Mobile Phones, Waste Paper, Waste Clothes, Other Metal Products, Other)


National Resource Collection Rate = National Resource Recycling Volume / (Waste Clearance Volume + Food Waste Recycling Volume + National Resource Recycling Volume + Giant Waste Recycling and Reuse Volume)×100%


Regarding the recycling achievements of Taiwan, as EPA has gradually increased the scope of regulated recyclable wastes and the recycling and disposal technology is continuously progressing, wastes of different materials have shown an obvious increase in inspected and certified recycling volumes and reuse rates. From 1998 to 2015, the daily waste clearance volume per person decreased from the original 1.135 kilograms to 0.378 kilograms; the inspected and certified volume of regulated recyclable wastes recycling and disposal also increased from 288,000 tons to 985,294 tons; the national resource collection rate also increased from 5.86% to 45.92%.

Run Chart for National Resource Collection Rate from 1998 to 2015
the daily waste clearance volume per person(Kg)

Run Chart for Waste Clearance from 1998 to 2015
Inspected and Certified Volume(tons)

The Inspected and Disposal Volumes of Regulated Recyclable Waste for the Past 18 Years

7.2 Comparison of the Resource Recycling Performance of Regulated Recyclable Wastes in Taiwan and the European Union


Resource recycling performance is reflected in the volumes of waste reduction, collection rates and recycling rates of different materials, for which Taiwan has become world renowned. In order to encourage its member countries towards sustainable development, the European Union (EU) has in its sustainability research stipulated relevant targets. Here is a brief comparison to understand the recycling achievements of Taiwan.


According to the EU directive on waste motor vehicles, the target for reuse and recycling increased from 70% in 1980 to 80% in 2006, and it is expected to reach 85% in 2015. In comparison, the waste motor vehicles in Taiwan exceeded 80% in 2010 under the operation of the Recycling Fund Management Committee system, and this accounts for only part of the recycling.


According to the EU WEEE directive, by 2016, the minimum collection rate shall be 45% calculated on the basis of the total weight of WEE. In comparison, the WEEE collection rate in Taiwan, for the “four machines and one brain” (TV sets, washing machines, refrigerators, air-conditioners and computers), exceeded 50% in 2010. Also, the EU extended its 31 December 2015, to achieve a rate of collection of at least 4 kilograms on average per inhabitant per year of WEEE from private households, or the same amount of weight of WEEE as was collected in that Member State on average in the three preceding years, whichever is greater. In comparison, the average recycling volume of regulated waste electronic and electric appliances in Taiwan exceeded 4 kg/per capita in 2006.


Regarding waste dry batteries, the EU requested member countries to reach the collection rates of at least 25% by 26 September 2012 and 45% by 26 September 2016 respectively. In comparison, Taiwan reached the target of a 50% collection rate in 2009.


Regarding overall recycling performance, there is no standard performance indicator, and nations typically measure their performance by comparing waste production rates. As Taiwan has effectively reduced the original 1.14kg / per person in 1998 to 0.383kg / per person in 2014, it is clear to see the extraordinary recycling performance in Taiwan. Regarding waste recycling work, based on the demand for packaging materials, it is expected that EU members will achieve a collection rate of 65%, but the accuracy of this value is based on census statistics. In comparison, Taiwan has established a more accurate inspected and certified system to verify the recyclable volume of regulated recyclable waste in Taiwan. In 2014, the national collection rate exceeded 65%.